All data that is written in the Bible proves that Holy Spirit can be regarded as a personal being. But the question is whether Holy Spirit can be regarded as the third person? The answer to this question is not easy, because so far it has been imprinted in the minds of many Christians that the Holy Spirit is an absolute third person that could untangle from God, as if it could be absolutely independent in anyway. In this case, believers who want to gain insight would require willingness to open up with no fear for new things that are more open and accurate in revealing the truth. Believers must dare to be honest in seeing the truth of the Gospel to re define the doctrine of Holy Spirit, which so far is actually less precise or less complete.
Is the Holy Spirit is the third Person of the Triune God? Of course we could answer yes, because the Holy Spirit is representation of God (Elohim). If the answer uses the word “could”, this means it is “not absolute”. It must be remembered, on the one hand, Holy Spirit is not God the Father nor God the Son. The other aspect is that Holy Spirit is Spirit that goes out from the Father. The Holy Spirit (identical as God’s Spirit) is the Spirit from God the Father Himself, to be precise He is the Spirit of God the Father. Within the Father there is no other Spirit other than Holy Spirit. When Holy Spirit deals with humans and is in presence within our lives – as if He is detached from God the Father, while He is not – Holy Spirit will never be apart from God the Father.
Is the Holy Spirit the third Person of the Triune God? It can be answered no when it is associated with His unbroken relations to God the Father. Thus, it can be said that Holy Spirit is not the third Person of the Trinity God. Why? Because Holy Spirit flows and goes out from God the Father but there is never any detachment or absolute independence from God the Father.1 It is hard to say that Holy Spirit can be independently autonomous without absolute bond with God the Father, because the Bible does not indicate that Holy Spirit could be spaced out from God the Father. As stated above that a person being is an entity that can be sovereign with full independence just as Lord Jesus, Lucifer and the angels as well as human beings. Holy Spirit can be said not as the third person because there is no explanation or suggestion or hint that Holy Spirit can be independent from God the Father. If Lucifer, angels, humans and also Lord Jesus – when in human body – have a chance to disobey God the Father as man did, but Holy Spirit will never be rebellious to God, because Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God the Father Himself.
When we honestly say that Holy Spirit is the third person, it would give the impression that Holy Spirit could be at a distance from God the Father, but indeed Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God the Father Himself. This explanation is most significant to be comprehended. Holy Spirit represents the presence of God the Father in all places and at all times. The Spirit of God is everywhere as the Omnipotent God. If Holy Spirit is said to be absolute as the third person, then the explanation of the one God becomes very difficult. A description of the Triune God then becomes absurd (unreasonable, impossible, odd). The truth is that God the Father is in heaven, God the Son sits at the right hand of God the Father as God and Holy Spirit is present everywhere as the entity representation of God (Elohim). So the statement of Holy Spirit as the third Person of Trinity God is relative, not absolute, depending on the point in which the statement is set out. Related to this, it needs to be questioned as well, why rebellion against Lord Jesus or anything equal to blaspheme Lord Jesus can be forgiven, but blasphemy against Holy Spirit is not forgiven?2 It is because Holy Spirit goes out from the Father. He is the only undetached representation of God the Father.
1) John 15:26; 2) Mark 3: 28-29; Luke 12:10